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World Bank urges reforms in labour market, education, innovation


Poland needs to accelerate reforms in areas such as employment, education and innovation if it is to return to the high growth rates of over 5% achieved prior to the crisis, the World Bank argues in a new report, Europe 2020 Poland: fuelling growth and competitiveness in Poland through employment, skills, and innovation.

The Bank praises the country’s success in weathering the crisis and commends reform measures that have been undertaken, but raises concern about its ability to make progress on some of the key Europe 2020 Strategy targets on which it is falling behind unless reform efforts are intensified; and formulates policy recommendations.

Thus, Poland needs to increase labour participation rates, especially among older workers and women (a participation rate similar to Germany’s would increase the country’s GDP by 6%, according to the Bank), through reforms of social security benefits and by promoting flexible forms of employment; close the skills gap by implementing a “learning outcomes approach” in its education system; and refocus technology innovation and absorption, by channelling more funds for collaboration with foreign partners and by reforming the financing of R&D institutions, so as to foster closer links with the SME sector and industry.

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